blood vessel that conveys blood from the heart to any part of the body.
part of the body´s own defense system; antibodies and even cancer cells foreign and the body´s own substances such as e.g. toxic agents and viruses and neutralize them.
group of trace elements and vitamins (e.g., selenium, Vitamin C), which support the functioning of the immune system
inhibitors of the hormone estrogen produced naturally in the body. Instead of the estrogen they bond to its hormone receptors and play an important role in the treatment of breast or prostate cancer
red blood cell defiency
any „complementary“ form of therapy. If after the previous therapy a -> tumor is no longer detectable, the presence of individual tumor cells can, however, not be excluded, an adjuvent therapy is employed, e. g. with -> hormones (= adjuvant hormone therapy) -> antiestrogens -> cytostatics.
treatment method that leads to immune stimulating effects inside the body e. g. by medically induced fever, which may lead to cell death and inhibition of growth as well as to an increased response to chemo and radiation therapy.
surgical removal of the breast
belly, upper / lower venter
Any of a group of steroid hormones which promote the development and maintenance of female characteristics of the body. Such hormones are also produced artificially for use in oral contraceptives or to treat menopausal and menstrual disorders.
A procedure in which an instrument is introduced into the body to give a view of its internal parts.
The use of ultrasound waves to investigate the action of the heart.
A gentle infusion of warm, filtered water into the anal canal which safely cleanses the walls of the colon with no use of chemicals or stimulants. The procedure is painless, relaxing and effective cleansing the bowel.
The use of hormones in medical treatment.
A regulatory substance produced in an organism and transported in tissue fluids such as blood to stimulate specific cells or tissues into action.
The study of the microscopic structure of tissues.
The branch of medicine involving study and treatment of the blood.
swelling, resulting from an obstruction in the lymphatic vascular system.
Magnetic resonance imaging: A technique for producing images of bodily organs by measuring the response of the atomic nuclei of body tissues to high-frequency radio waves when placed in a strong magnetic field.
A form of arthritis and other health related issues caused by bacteria that are transmitted by ticks.
The liquid around brain and spinal cord.
treatment methods which may be used just as complementary to the conventional oncological treatment.
plastic or metal tube with a certain diameter for bridging of tumor-dependent stenoses.
measurement and graphic representation of the pulmonary functions using technical equipment.
Taking of tissue or cell samples for microscopic examination from a living organism by means of a special cannula and under sonographic visual control.
The branch of biology concerned with the structure and function of plant and animal cells.
The cytoplasmic division of a cell at the end of mitosis or meiosis, bringing about the separation into two daughter cells.
Inhibiting cell growth and division.
A technique for displaying a representation of a cross section through a human body or other solid object using X-rays.
A procedure in which a flexible fibre-optic instrument is inserted through the anus in order to examine the colon.
slowly progressing blood disorders.
slowly progressing, slowly developing
The treatment of disease by the use of chemical substances, especially the treatment of cancer by cytotoxic and other drugs.
injection of chemotherapy directly into the blood vessel feeding the tumor. By means of the so called „embolization“ the blood vessel is sealed afterwards, allowing the chemotherapy to remain in the tumor longer.
A cancer arising in the epithelial tissue of the skin or of the lining of the internal organs.
A disease caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in a part of the body.
An antibody produced by a single clone of cells or cell line and consisting of identical antibody molecules.
An extract of a leathery-leaved parasitic plant which grows on apple, oak, and other broadleaf trees and bears white glutinous berries in winter.
The development of secondary malignant growths at a distance from a primary site of cancer.
A technique using X-rays to diagnose and locate tumours of the breasts.
A tumour of melanin-forming cells, especially a malignant tumour associated with skin cancer.
vicious diseases affecting the blood or an entire haemopoietic system of the organism.
tending to invade normal tissue or to recur after removal; cancerous. Contrasted with benign.
piercing skin tissue with a hallow needle to exctract body fluids.
A medical instrument with an integral lamp for examining the anus and lower part of the rectum or carrying out minor medical procedures.
Each of a pair of serous membranes lining the thorax and enveloping the lungs in humans and other mammals.
The treatment of disease, injury, or deformity by physical methods such as massage, heat treatment, and exercise.
: relieving pain without dealing with the cause of the condition.
A swelling of a part of the body, generally without inflammation, caused by an abnormal growth of tissue, whether benign or malignant.
a compound consisting of two or more amino acids linked in a chain, produced by the thymus gland.
a lymphocyte of a type produced or processed by the thymus gland and actively participating in the immune response.